|Kolkata was the capital of India during British emperor. The citys documented history, however, begins with the arrival of the English East India Company in 1690, when the Company was consolidating its trade business in Bengal. Job Charnock, an administrator with the company was traditionally credited as the founder of the city. In 2003 high court order states that the city should not have a specific founder. While the citys name was always pronounced "Kolkata" in the local Bengali language, its official English name was changed from "Calcutta" to "Kolkata" in 2001, reflecting the Bengali pronunciation. Some view this as a move to erase the legacy of British rule.
Kolkata Art & Culture
Kolkata has long been known for its literary, artistic and revolutionary heritage. As the former capital of India, Kolkata was the birthplace of modern Indian literary, artistic and scholastic thought. The people of Kolkata tends to have a special appreciation for art and literature; its tradition of welcoming new talent has made it a "city of furious creative energy.
For these reasons, Kolkata has often been dubbed as the Cultural Capital of India or the Literary Capital of India.
TOURIST ATTRACTIONS :
Birla Mandir: This temple built of Sandstone & Marble has silver & Belgian glass artifacts. Messages from the Bhagavat Gita are carved on the interiors.
Kalighat Kali Temple: This is known as the holiest Peeth or pith of the 52 Shakti Peethams of India. People come here to offer their prayers and fulfill their wishes.
Belur Math: The Ramakrishna Mission established by Swami Vivekananda is headquartered at Belur Math.
Dakshineswar Kali Temple: The main edifice is called the Navratna Temple, and is dedicated to Goddess Kali. It is surrounded by 12 other temples of Lord Shiva
Saint Paul’s Cathedral: Beautiful architecture and exquisite mural paintings of the life and work of St. Paul captivates the visitors. Bishop Wilson lies in his eternal slumber in a coffin inside an underground chamber. The commission plate conferred on him by Queen Victoria is still exhibited at this Cathedral.
The Mother House: The Mother House is located at 54A, A.J.C Bose Road, Kolkata – 700016, and has the tomb of Mother Teresa and a simple museum chronicling Mother’s life.
Victoria Memorial Garden: Built in memory of Queen Victoria, the main building in the center of this beautiful garden has a museum that houses Victorian memorabilia and British Raj paintings.
Botanical Gardens: The most important garden in the city. A 250 year old Banyan tree is the special attraction.
Millennium Park: A beautiful park on the banks of the river Hoogly. A river cruise service has been started from Fairlee Place near Millennium Park.
Swabhui: A cultural park having a Rajasthani flavor having shops that sell ethnic items. Located at 89C, Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad Sarani, EM Bypass.
HOW TO REACH KOLKATA :
The airport in Kolkata was originally known as Dum Dum Airport before being renamed as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport. It is located around 17 km from the city centre.
Kolkata is well linked with the rest of India by the widespread network of Indian railways. The city has two major railway stations-one at Howrah and the other one at Sealdah.
Kolkata is connected with most of the Indian cities by road. The National Highway number 2 and 6 connect the city with other cities and states in India. Kolkata has a broad network of government and private buses.
The Calcutta State Transport Corporation (CSTC), Calcutta Tramways Company (CTC) and West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation (WBSTC) run regulars bus service in the city. The Esplanade Terminus in the heart of the city is the main bus terminus.