|Once an ancient Rajput state, formerly known as Mewat, Alwar was nearest to the imperial Delhi. The people of the state did not accept any external interference’s and daringly resisted against foreign invasions. In the 12th and 13th centuries, they formed a group and raided Delhi. But finally Sultan Bulban (1267 A.D. - 1287 A.D.) suppressed them, bringing the area under the Muslims rule. In 1771 A.D. Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kuchhwaha Rajput belonging to the clan of Jaipur’s rulers, won back Alwar and founded a principality of his own.
Located in the Alwar district, Sariska was declared a sanctuary in the year 1955. Spread over an area of 800 sq km (core area 500 sq km), The sanctuary was further given the status of a National Park in 1979. The topography of the sanctuary is quite similar to that of Ranthambore National Park. Northern Aravalli range dominates the Sariska landscape, with sharp cliffs and narrow valleys. Scrub-thorn arid forests, dry deciduous forests, rocks and grasses, all contribute to the geographical features of Sariska in Rajasthan, India. The climate of Sariska is both inconsistent as well as unpredictable.
Sariska National Park is the heritage of the former rulers of Alwar. Standing as a witness to the rich historical past of the sanctuary are numerous pavilions and temples. One of the famous monuments inside Sariska is the Kankwari Fort. As per the historical records, Mughal emperor Aurangzeb imprisoned his elder brother, Dara Shikoh, in this fort. Along with that, there is also a palace inside the Sariska Tiger Reserve built by the former rulers of Alwar. Then, there is an ancient Shiva temple inside the sanctuary, dating back to the 6th-13th century. The park remains open almost throughout the year, but the best time to visit is during the months of October to April.
Tourists Attraction :
Hanuman Temple :
Sariska is not only a place to perceive natural wilderness, but also a place with cultural and religious significance. These temples in Sariska are located within the Sariska national park and visitors surely stop at these religious places en route to Sariska. The hanuman temple is located near the watchtower at the Sariska national park, 11 kms from the entrance to the park.
The ancient hanuman temple at Sariska is called Pandu Pole. It is hidden well amidst the green foliage of the forest and creates a mysterious ambience. There is a giant idol of Hanuman that is present in a reclined position and goes back to the days of Mahabharata. There are hundreds of monkeys and langurs running about the hanuman temple premises. Most of these are harmless.
Another interesting place among the places to see in Sariska and a major attraction for the tourists is the pandupol. It is also the most frequently visited spot inside the sariska national park. According to the legend, the Pandavas spent some part of their exile period at the Pandupol in Sariska. This has given the place a significant historical importance and a reason why so many tourists stop to visit the Pandupol en route to the national park. History also claims that it is here at Pandupol that Bhima, who acquired the strength of a thousand elephants, had been defeated in the ego battle by Lord Hanuman.
The pandupol is a natural arch that has been engraved in the limestone because of the action of water, several hundred feet above the ground. There is a beautiful waterfall that is created at the pandupol in Sariska during the rainy seasons.
Sariska National Park :
The Sariska tiger reserve is mainly known for its exotic wildlife. The rich wildlife of the sanctuary includes Tiger, Leopard, Caracal, Rusty spotted cat, Jungle cat, Four-horned antelope, Sambar, Spotted deer, Wild boar, Nilgai, Jackal, Hyena, etc
Sariska Palace :
A marvelous palace was built here by Maharaja Jai Singh in the honour of the Duke of Edinburgh during his visit to the sanctuary. Presently, it has been converted into a hotel- Sariska Palace.
Kankawadi Fort is another historical landmark in Sariska and among the few tourist places in Sariska , worth a visit. This is the only place hat shows the Mughul connection of Sariska. When under the Mughul rule, the Kankawadi Fort was built by emperor Aurangazeb. The historical significance of the Kankawadi Fort lies in the fact that Aurangazeb had kept his brother Dara Shikoh a prisoner inside the Fort.
The Kankawadi Fort is situated on top of a hill. It provides a panoramic vision of the birds and the entire avian family of the Sariska National park. The Fort, overlooks the Kankawadi Plateau and a number of Gujjar villages around. The leopards from the surrounding areas visit the Kankawadi Fort often in search of food and water.
How to Get There :
Air : Delhi 163 km is the nearest airport, which is well connected to all the major cities which includes Mumbai, Jaipur, Jodhpur.
Rail : Good connection from prominent locations in and around the state. Some important train connections .
Road : Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe buses from Jaipur. Regular services link Alwar with key destinations in and not far off Rajasthan and Delhi. The roads are very good, and it takes around 3-4 hrs from Jaipur. You can also come by taxi. .
Climate of Sariska :
In Summer:38.3 C (Max) - 28.8 C (Min) In winter: 28.3 C (Max) - 8 C (Min) Rainy Season : from July to Mid Sept, and very humid (Upton 90%) Our suggestion : Best time to visit : Sept. to March.