|During period of Jahangir this place was named Badh-e-dewan (district headquarters). The town owes its historical importance to being the headquarters of the Maharajas of Burdwan, the premier noblemen of lower Bengal, whose rent-roll was upwards of 300,000. Bardhaman Rajwas founded in 1657 by Sangam Rai, of the Kapoor Khatri family of Kotli in Lahore, Punjab, whose descendants served in turn the Mughal Emperors and the British government. The East Indian Railway from Howrah was opened in 1855. The great prosperity of the raj was due to the excellent management of Maharaja Mahtab Chand (d. 1879), whose loyalty to the government especially during the “Hul” (Santhal rebellion) of 1855-56 and the Indian rebellion of 1857was rewarded with the grant of a coat of arms in 1868 and the right to a personal salute of 13 guns in 1877. Maharaja Bijai Chand Mahtab (b. 1881), who succeeded his adoptive father in 1888, earned great distinction by the courage with which he risked his life to save that of Sir Andrew Fraser, the lieutenant-governor of Bengal, on the occasion of the attempt to assassinate him made by Bengali malcontents on 7 November 1908.
Mahtab Chand Bahadur and later Bijoy Chand Mahtab struggled their best to make this region culturally, economically and ecologically healthier. The chief educational institution was th Burdwan Raj college, which was entirely supported out of the maharajas estate. Sadhak Kamalakanta as composer of devotional songs and Kashiram Das as a poet and translator of the great Mahabharata were possibly the best products of such an endeavour. The society at large also continued to gain the fruits. We find, among others, the great rebellious poet Kazi Nazrul Islam and Kala-azar-famed U. N. Brahmachari as the relatively recent illustrious sons of this soil. The town became an important center of North-Indian classical music as well.
Burdwan has a multi-cultural heritage. The deuls (temples of rekha type) found here are reminiscent of Bengali Hindu architecture. The old temples bear signs of Hinduism, mostly belonging to the Sakta and Vaishnava followers
POPULAR PLACES :
The majestic Curzon Gate, now known as Vijay Toran, was erected in 1903 by the king of Burdwan Maharaja Bijoy Chand Mahatab in Lord Curzon’s honour. The Royal Palace is situated one km from the gate. Distance from railway station is about one km.
108 Shiva Mandirs
In 1789, Rani Bishnukumari ordered 108 Shiva Mandirs to be built in the lines of typical mud huts of Bengal. During Shivratri, a huge fair is held here. Distance from railway station is about four km.
Tomb of Sher Afghan
The Tomb of Sher Afgan, the last of the Afghan jagirdars in Bardhaman, is located at Pir Beharam near Rajbati. Sher Afgan married Nurjahan. He revolt against Mughal Samrat and to control this, Mughal Samrat Jahangir had sent Kutubuddin. Both were died at war in 1610 AD and both were buried at the burial ground of Pir Baharam. Distance from railway station is about two and half km.
The Golap Bag, or the Garden of Rose, of Bardhaman, is a favourite tourist haunt. It is the Botanical and Zoological garden established by the King Bijoy Chand Mahatab in 1884. Famous botanist Dalton Hooker came here and listed 128 types of trees. At present there are numerous mango, casuarina, eucalyptus, jaam and shimul trees in the garden. The University of Bardhaman also takes classes in the complex. Distance from railway station is about two and half km.
A place of major tourist attraction situated at Golapbag.
It is the forest office of Bardhaman sub-division. It is placed at east side of Golapbag. This forest is pointed as sanctuary. This is also called deer park. Deers, tigers, crocodiles, and different kinds of birds make this place beautiful.
HOW TO REACH BARDHAMAN
By Air : The nearest International Airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata, roughly two and half hour drive from Bardhaman. The Airport is well connected with other major cities such as Frankfurt, Bangkok, Paro, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Dubai and Yangon. Domestic flights are also available for the cities such as Chennai, Mumbai, New Delhi, Bangalore and Hyderabad.
By Train : It has its own Railway Station named as Bardhaman Junction Rail Station which is connected to all the major cities of West Bengal and other states such as Dehradun, Kolkata, Agra, Howrah, Mumbai and New Delhi via Poorva Express and Kolkata Mail etc.
By Bus : Bardhaman is 34 Kms from Indas, 36 Kms from Jamalpur, 42 Kms from Arambagh, 66 Kms from Durgapur, 96 Kms from Haora, 101 Kms from Ramsagar, 102 Kms from Kolkata, 135 Kms from Medinipur, 114 Kms from Dhanbad and is linked through West Bengal State Road Transport Corporation (WBSRTC) and some private travel services.