| Jammu district derives its name from the city of Jammu which besides being the winter capital of the state, is known as the city of temples. It is believed that the city was originally founded by Raja Jamboo Lochan who lived in fourteenth century B.C. The Raja had gone out one day for hunting when he happened to witness a tiger and a goat drinking water from one and the same pond. This extraordinary phenomenon set him thinking and he decided to build a city at this site so that the strong and weak could live together in peace and mutual tolerance. Eventually, he founded the city which came to be known as "Jamboo" after his own name. With the passage of time and due to its frequent use the pronunciation of the name got slightly distorted and the city, came to be known as Jammu as it is called now
Jammu is situated on a hillock, on the bank of river Tawi and is bound by Udhampur district in the north and northeast , Kathua district in the east and southeast, Pakistan (Sialkote) in west and Rajauri district and POK (Bhimber) in the northwest. Its skyline was once dotted with glittering spires of temples. These spikes are no longer visible as most of these are hidden behind multi storyed buildings. The city has numerous shrines for Muslims, Sikhs & Christians also. Jammu also serves as base camp for the holy shrine of Vaishno Devi. Jammu is also the Railhead of the state.
Jammu is located 74 degree 24 and 75 degree 18, East longitude and 32 degree 50 and 33 degree 30 North latitude. It is approximately 600 Kms away from National Capital, New Delhi and is linked with a National Highway.
Bahu Fort is among the popular sightseeing attractions of the city of Jammu, which was built by Raja Bahulochan over 3,000 years ago. The fort was later restored during the 19th century by the Dogra rulers. Other notable attractions of the fort include Bahu Temple.
Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary
Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is a popular site among wildlife enthusiasts that houses various species of pheasants. The reserve was established in an area of thick forests along with wildlife and is situated 28 km from Jammu. A popular dwelling of pheasants.
Sanasar is among the major attractions, which is located at a distance of 19 km from Patnitop. The site at an altitude of 2,079 metres above sea level provides a peaceful environment. The site is also known as mini Gulmarg and is surrounded by huge conifers.
Amar Mahal Museum
Amar Mahal Museum is a popular tourist attraction, which served as the family residence of the Dogra Dynasty. The palace was built by King Raja Amar of the Dogra Dynasty during 1890 using red sand stone. Planned and designed by a French architect.
Shiv Khori is one of the important cave shrines of Jammu, which is famous for the natural formation of a shivalinga. The 150 metres long shrine is among the most respected cave shrines of Lord Shiva in Jammu. The major highlight of the shrine is the 4 feet swayambhu lingam.
Bagh-e-Bahu is one of the popular sightseeing attractions of Jammu located along the ancient fort of Bahu. The beautiful garden is laid identical to Mughal Garden and is situated on the embankment of Tawi River.
Mubarak Mandi Complex
Mubarak Mandi Complex is among the chief sites of historic significance, which was also the royal residence of Dogra rulers during the days of yore. The 150 years old complex features 76 government offices and courts.
HOW TO REACH JAMMU
Jammu airport which is at a distance of 8 kilometres from the city is well connected with various airports in India. Various airlines have regular flights to Jammu, which make it comfortable for the tourists. You can take flights from Jammu to Delhi, Agra, Hyderabad, Jaipur etc and other international destinations.
If you are travelling by road, questions like how to reach Jammu becomes meaningless. Jammu has good network of roads which connect it with major north Indian cities such as Delhi, Ambala, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, located at a distance of 630 KM, 377 KM, 200 KM, 345 KM and 280 KM respectively. Various state transport buses ply on theses routes. You can take Jammu to Chandigarh bus, Jammu to Delhi bus and buses to other routes like Agra, Chandigarh, Amritsar, Manali & other cities.
The Jammu Tawi railway station in the Jammu city has good rail connectivity with trains from various Indian cities, which even connect it with the Trivandrum railway station in the far south.